Data Transmission Methods and Its Types
Article by Imran Zafar
The Way In Which data is Transmitted from one place to Another data transmission mode is Called. It Is Also called the data communication mode. It the data and identify the direction of flow of information. Sometimes, data transmission modes are Parties to the main aussi to have directional modes.When a person is Giving a reading, information is conveyed in one direction. Similarly, During a conversation Between Two persons, spoken messages are Exchanged in Both directions. These messages may alternatively or Be Exchanged phrasal. There are Three data transfer modes. (i) Simplex mode:
In simplex mode, data is Transmitted in only one direction. A terminal Cdn only send data and cannot Receive it or it Can Only Receive Data goal can not send data.Today, this mode of data communication is not popular, Because MOST of the modem communications require two-way exchange of data. However, this mode of communication is Used in business field at point-of-sale terminals in Which data is dirty Corresponding Entered without a reply. The Other examples of simplex communication modes are Radio and TV transmissions. In computer system, the keyboard, monitor and printer are examples of simplex devices. The keyboard only Cdn Be Used To enter data Into computer, monitor and printer while Canon only accept (display / print) output. (ii) Half-Duplex mode:
In Half duplex mode, data Can Be Transmitted in Both directions towards goal only in one at a time. In this mode, data is received and feels alternatively. It is like a one-lane bridge Where two-way traffic must Give Way in order to cross the Other.In half-duplex mode, at a time only one end while Transmits data Receives Other End. In addition, it is possible to perform error detection and to request the sender to re-transmit information. The Internet browsing is annually example of half duplex. When we issue a request to download web document or webpage, it is downloaded and Displayed as Before We outcome Another request. (iii) Full-Duplex mode:
In full-duplex mode , Can Be Transmitted data in Both directions at the time on the Sami Sami channel. It is the fastest mode of directional communication. The telephone communication system example is year of full-duplex communication mode.Types of Data Transmission Modes: There are Two Types of data transmission modes. These are:
(i) Parallel Transmission. (Ii) Serial Transmission.(i) Parallel Transmission:
In parallel transmission, a group of bits of data flow at the Same Time (in parallel) Separate-through communication lines. It is very fast data transmission. The automobile traffic is a multi-lane highway is annually example of parallel transmission.Inside the computer, Usually a group of bits of data flow from one component to Another Has The Same Time. If a computer uses 32-bit internal structure, then 32-bits of data from one Can Be Transferred to Another component of computer time at the Sami. Parallel transmission is Commonly Used To transfer data from computer to printer. (ii) Serial Transmission:
In serial data transmission, a group of bits of data in sequential flow-through single Order communication line. The flow of traffic on one-lane residential street is year example of serial data transmission mode. Serial transmission is Slower Than Typically parallel transmission, Because data is. feels sequentially in a bit-by-bit single communication line was.
The system uses the phone line to transmit serial data transmitted from one location to Another. In computer system, aussi mouse uses serial transmission to send the command signals inside the computer.Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission:
In synchronous transmission , Transmitted data is block-by-block or word-byword at The Same Time. Each block peut Several bytes of data. In this mode, data is saved Before Sending. A large volume of data Can Be Transmitted at a time. The data transmission is very fast. It is MOST Commonly Used by remote communication systems.In synchronous transmission, a special communication device Known As ‘synchronized clock’ is required to schedule the transmission of information. This special communication device or equipment is expensive. Asynchronous Transmission:
In asynchronous transmission, data is Transmitted one byte at a ‘time’. The data is Transmitted character-by-character as the user type it on a keyboard. In this mode, data is not saved Before Sending.An asynchronous line That Is idle (Being not used) is APPROBATION with a value 1, Also Known As Mark state. This value is Used by the communication devices to find whether the line is idle or free. In asynchronous transmission, a special signal is felt by the sender to receiver Before Sending the message. It Is Known As start bit. A start bit value of 0 HAS, Also called a state space. Malthus, When the line switches from a value of 1 to a value of 0, the receiver is alerted for Receiving the message. The asynchronous transmission is MOST Commonly Used by microcomputers.